Improper watering leads to inadequate growth, poor health, and even death of your tree. A water stressed tree can weaken a tree’s natural defenses against pests and disease while a properly watered tree can enhance natural defenses.
These failures can be attributed more often to infrequent watering as opposed to over or under watering. Therefore, we need to be smart about how we water newly planted trees.
To understand the watering needs of newly planted trees, we need to look at the relationship between water, soil and your tree. Understanding what takes place in your soil environment as well as within your tree is going to be crucial.
There are many types of soil, some better than others. A key difference between soil types is the availability of water within the soil. Generally, water is more available in sandy soils and becomes less available in clay soils. The higher the availability of water, the quicker water becomes unavailable as it drains through the soil. This is why some soils seem to dry quicker than others, causing them to require more frequent watering. It is important to begin to know your soil’s behaviors so that you know how you might be able to adjust this behavior, ensuring proper watering for your tree.
Ideally we are seeking to enhance drainage and available water for the longest period possible without over watering or under watering. To achieve this, soil amendments can be added at planting time. Your Bower & Branch expert Garden Center can assist you with determining the proper soil amendments.
Our goal is to stay in “the zone.” This means the soil has enough water available, but isn’t fully saturated nor is it near a permanent wilting point. Fully saturated soils do not provide tree roots with required oxygen and will result in root diseases and eventually root failure. On the other hand, soils that get too dry will lead to damaging wilting points. The secret is to hover in between these two extremes. To accomplish this, Bower & Branch developed a unique watering system.
This unique watering system delivers the right amount of water over the right period of time, insuring the success of your Bower & Branch tree. It targets water directly to your tree’s root zone, which allows the soil to stay in the desired available water zone, avoiding the extremes of too much and too little.
With application of the Watering System after planting we can insure that the soil does not reach saturation again, allowing for ample available oxygen. It delivers the proper amount of water for your tree over a two week period, unlike other water bags that dump water in just 6-10 hours, drowning the tree as available oxygen is replaced with water.
Bower & Branch Elements Watering System teaches trees to live on their own as quickly as possible, supporting optimum growth and health. This is accomplished as the system releases water through drop irrigation technology slowly but in sufficient amounts for the tree. The system eliminates the need for day to day hand watering that can easily take us to the saturation point.
Once your tree is planted, make sure to fully saturate your tree. Bower & Branch recommends watering fully to saturation at planting because water will easily drain through freshly disturbed soils. This is the only time full saturation should be reached.
To apply the Bower & Branch Elements Watering System, please refer to instructions on the system’s package (also see diagram below). Remember to remove any sharp objects from around the tree that might puncture the Watering System.
After the Watering System is in place, fill with tap water. The system holds 15 gallons that will drip out over the next 2 weeks. Adjust the position of the system to minimize “trunk touching.” Once filled, use a nail to make a starter hole inside the “donut” at soil level. Snap the barbed end of the dripper into starter hole to begin irrigation.
The system will continuously drip water over the next 2 weeks. When the system looks flat, usually between day 10 and 14,it is time to refill the system, continuing the watering cycle.
Trees suffer during periods of drought but are often overlooked until the damage becomes visible. Tree roots generally grow in the top 18-24” ofsoil so even large trees are subject to drought stress.
Trees will prefer to be watered more deeply rather than watered more often. Whether during a severe drought or just abnormally dryer conditions, it is important to water slowly and deeply, allowing the water to penetrate the soil well into the root growing zone. Slow, steady applications of water are preferred over fast and high volumes of water. Always water more deeply rather than watering frequently.
You’ll want to make sure you are watering the entire root growing zone. For more mature trees the watering zone becomes extended far beyond the original planting hole, well past the drip line or canopyof the tree. One rule of thumb to determine the root zone is to care for an area two times as large as the drip zone or canopy of the tree.