Austrian Pine Tree
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Austrian Pine Tree
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Growth Facts

Austrian Pine

Pinus nigra

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So handsome—and fast-growing! Austrian Pine, a.k.a. European Black Pine, quickly becomes a striking specimen, with thick bunches of dark green needles, a picturesque habit, and bold, blocky bark. You won’t have to wait long for it to make an impact in your landscape. This sturdy evergreen tree stands up strong against the elements, too, shedding ice and snow with ease, surviving drought, enduring fierce winds (and making a good windbreak), and tolerating salt spray. That last attribute makes it a good candidate for planting by the seashore or next to roads that are salted in the winter. Beautiful in all seasons.

Growth Facts

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The Story

As you may guess from the name, Austrian Pine is a European species. Its natural range extends from Austria to the Mediterranean region to the south and east. The tree has been grown in the U.S. since the 1800s, when European immigrants brought seeds and starts of the familiar conifer with them. It is a common sight in the Midwest because of its value as a windbreak. After the Dustbowl of the 1930s, Austrian Pine was planted extensively in the Midwest to prevent further erosion and help heal the land.

The Details

That bark! Austrian Pine has some of the most magnificent bark of any Pine species. At maturity, dark fissures develop alongside pale-colored plates. The contrast is quite eye-catching and makes it easy to identify this tree even from a distance.

How to Grow

Austrian Pine is not fussy about soil and will grow in clay or just about any type of soil as long as it doesn’t stay too wet. One thing this tree does absolutely require is full sun. It will not tolerate any amount of shade. It also struggles in the heat and humidity of the Deep South and should not be planted there as a long-term feature. A fungus known as tip blight has proven to be very damaging to Austrian Pine in some parts of the eastern U.S. You can check with your local extension service to find out if tip blight is a problem in your area.

Size Guide

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Austrian Pine Tree