Audubon® American Filbert
Shipping Autumn of 2022
You may think that American Filbert would be a fine bird-attracting plant by virtue of its tasty nuts. And you would not be wrong—Blue Jays, woodpeckers, bobwhites, pheasants, Ruffed Grouse and turkeys do love them. But for songbirds, American Filbert offers something even better—in the form of caterpillars! According to entomologist and nature writer Douglas Tallamy, no food is more valuable to songbirds and their rapidly growing chicks than caterpillars, and American Filbert, he says, supplies around 130 species of them. Filberts, with their thickety growth habit, also provide protection from predators while the birds are foraging. A bird bonanza!
May Benefit & Attract: Blue Jays, song birds, woodpeckers, bobwhite, pheasants, Ruffed Grouse, turkeys.
Take Birds Under Your Wing
New! Introducing our bird-friendly collection of Audubon® Native Plants & Trees
- Better for Birds, 100% Neonic-Free
- Not Available in non-native regions, states or counties (see Native Regions map)
Bower & Branch is proud to grow Audubon® Native Plants for Birds in partnership with the National Audubon Society to help birds and other wildlife thrive.
- The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow
- This bird-friendly native plant provides food and shelter for local and migrating birds and other wildlife
- Your purchase and planting of this native flora directly supports Audubon’s conservation mission and impact
- Learn how you can help birds in your home and community through Audubon’s Plants for Birds program
- Audubon Native Plants & Trees are free of neonicotinoids and exclusively grown by Bower & Branch
Audubon® is a licensed and registered trademark of the National Audubon Society. All rights reserved.
Size AA (18-24" tall) container grown
Size A (4' tall) container grown
- Hardiness Zone: 4-9
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Recommended by Our Growers
Native throughout the Midwest, Northeast, and Upper Southeast, American Filbert, a.k.a. American Hazelnut, is a common sight in much of the East. It grows in moist prairies and along streams, as well as on drier hillside sites and at the edge of woodlands. Throughout history, people have relished the nuts—when they can get to them before the birds and squirrels do! This nifty native has had a variety of other roles for humans, too. The Ojibwe once used the straight-growing branches as drumsticks. The wood has also been turned into charcoal for artists’ pencils.
Among the many caterpillars that American Filbert hosts are several large moth species that are truly spectacular, such as the Luna, Polyphemus, Cecropia, and Io moths. If they don’t end up as bird food, they make amazing backyard visitors.
How to Grow
American Filbert will produce the most nuts and the brightest fall foliage (often a wonderful pumpkin-orange color) in full sun, although it also grows happily in part shade. It is not fussy about soils and can thrive in wet or dry conditions. American Filbert is a medium to fast grower, and it spreads by sending up suckers around the parent plant. You can remove these for a cleaner look, but birders will want to leave them in place for habitat. Invasive Japanese beetles can be a problem. Where infestations are heavy, they can skeletonize the leaves, though this will not kill the plant.
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