Audubon® American Linden
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That heavenly season between spring and summer (sprummer?) gets even sweeter with American Linden. That’s when this splendid native shade tree opens its honey-scented flowers, and the fragrance is divine. Honey bees delight in the blooms, too, and turn the nectar into actual honey of a very high grade. Native bees like bumblebees and green metallic bees also get in on the action. For birds, American Linden offers nourishment of another sort—caterpillars! Its broad foliage hosts up to 147 species of moth and butterfly caterpillars, which serve as valuable protein for many (if not most) songbirds. Feed the birds and the bees with this magnificent native tree.
May Benefit & Attract: cardinals & grosbeaks, wrens, woodpeckers, sparrows, thrushes, orioles, waxwings, nuthatches, finches, mockingbirds & thrashers, crows & jays, vireos
Take Birds Under Your Wing
New! Introducing our bird-friendly collection of Audubon® Native Plants & Trees
- Better for Birds, 100% Neonic-Free
- Not Available in non-native regions, states or counties (see Native Regions map)
Bower & Branch is proud to grow Audubon® Native Plants for Birds in partnership with the National Audubon Society to help birds and other wildlife thrive.
- The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow
- This bird-friendly native plant provides food and shelter for local and migrating birds and other wildlife
- Your purchase and planting of this native flora directly supports Audubon’s conservation mission and impact
- Learn how you can help birds in your home and community through Audubon’s Plants for Birds program
- Audubon Native Plants & Trees are free of neonicotinoids and exclusively grown by Bower & Branch
Audubon® is a licensed and registered trademark of the National Audubon Society. All rights reserved.
Size AA (2-3' tall) container grown
Size A (3-4' tall) container grown
Size B (7-8' tall) container grown
Size C (9-10' tall) container grown
- Hardiness Zone: 5-9
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Recommended by Our Growers
American Linden, also known as Basswood, is found most abundantly in the Great Lakes states. Its range spans the Midwest and the Northeast. This mighty forest tree was once valued for its inner bark fibers, which can be fashioned into strong, supple rope. Its wood is light and quite soft, and has been used to make crates, boxes, lightweight furniture parts, honeycomb frames, and electric guitar bodies. Because the wood is so soft, cavities may develop in old trees, creating homes for hollow-dwelling birds like woodpeckers, bluebirds, titmice, and nuthatches.
We don’t often think of shade trees as butterfly plants, but some of them are much more important than pretty flowers when it comes to sustaining butterflies. American Linden feeds question mark, mourning cloak, red spotted purple, and eastern tiger swallowtail caterpillars, which—with a little luck—turn into beautiful butterflies that will grace your garden.
How to Grow
American Linden is a large, noble tree for spacious sites in full sun or part shade. Clay is acceptable, but the soil should drain well. This tree prefers regular irrigation, though it’s somewhat drought tolerant once established. Mulch with wood chips or bark mulch to keep the root zone cool and moist. American Linden doesn’t cope well with salt or pollution, so it isn’t ideal for urban situations, like some of the European Lindens. It’s also vulnerable to Japanese beetle attacks, so plant with caution if these pests are prevalent in your area.
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