Black Gum Tree
Black Gum Leaf
Black Gum Additional Product Shot 508
Black Gum Additional Product Shot 682
Black Gum Additional Product Shot 898
Previous Next
Black Gum Tree
Black Gum Leaf
Black Gum Additional Product Shot 508
Black Gum Additional Product Shot 682
Black Gum Additional Product Shot 898

Growth Facts

  • Hardiness Zone: 4-9
  • Spacing: 20-30'
  • Exposure: Sun/Part Shade
  • Deer Resistant: Yes
  • Show more ›
Black Gum
Nyssa sylvatica

This Tree is not available for Sale at this time through Bower & Branch. Bower & Branch provides this information for reference only. Please check back with us or contact us for more detail.

Though you might not be familiar with the Black Gum tree, you might know of it by one of its other nicknames, such as Sour Gum (to distinguish it from Sweet Gum), Tupelo ("Tupelo honey" is made from its flowers). or Pepperidge (the tree you see on a certain package of cookies). Native to the Eastern U.S., this awe-inspiring shade tree should be more widely embraced as the treasure it is. It sets forests aflame in autumn with fluorescent orange and red foliage, and it will do the same in your yard! Black Gum can stand tall and proud for hundreds of years, so plant this legacy tree where it can live out a long, glorious life.

 

Growth Facts

  • Hardiness Zone: 4-9
  • Spacing: 20-30'
  • Exposure: Sun/Part Shade
  • Deer Resistant: Yes
  • Show more ›

The Story

The early settlers on Marthas Vineyard learned from the native Wampanoag’s how to manufacture whale oil. As demand for oil grew they began storing and shipping the oil in wooden casks. The Black gum tree, native to the island was key in this production. The gnarled grain of the Black gum resists splintering and was used for making the beetle, or mallet and the bungs, which are the wooden stoppers in the casks. This tree is known to the Islanders as the Beetlebung Tree.

The Details

It isn’t the prettiest name, but wait until you see the gorgeous fiery fall color. This environmentally friendly native tree is moderately sized and has some of the most glorious fall color you will ever see!

How to Grow

You cannot plant a finer shade tree than the Black Gum! They prefer full sun, but also tolerates light shade. Black Gums can grow in a wide range of soil conditions and they are free of any major pest or disease problems. This long-living tree is one of the first trees to show fall color and it’s some of the best fall color I’ve ever seen! The Black Gum, when young, will start out by growing rather slowly and have a slightly irregular growth habit, but once established it will take off and become an awesome attention grabber! Once you plant your tree, remember to keep it watered during dry spells. Once a year, supply it with a dose of medium rate fertilizer. You will only have to do this for about the first 3 or 4 years in the fall, this gives your Black Gum nutrients to store over the winter to produce lush new growth the following year!

More Info

Cold Tolerance/Hardiness Zone 4
Heat Tolerance/Hardiness Zone 9
Exposure Sun/Part Shade
Avg Mature Height 50'
Avg Mature Width 30'
Spacing 20-30'
Growth Rate Medium-Slow
Leaf Color Green
Fall Leaf Color Red/Orange
Fruit Color Blue
Fruit Time Fall
Cary Award Winner Yes
PA Gold Medal Award No
Attractive Bark Yes
Attracts Birds Yes
Attracts Butterflies No
Attracts Hummingbirds No
Attracts Pollinators No
Deer Resistant Yes
Drought Tolerant Yes
Dry, Poor Soils No
Edible Fruit No
Fragrant No
Groundcover No
Hedge/Windbreak Yes
Native Yes
Salt Tolerance/Seashore Yes
Seasonal Cut Branches No
Shade Tolerance Yes
Showy Flowers No
Specimen Yes
Urban Conditions Yes
Utility Line Trees No
Wet Moist Soils Yes
Winter Interest No
Woodland Garden Yes
Decor/Craft Use No

Size Guide

Size Guide Scale

Scale

Size: B

Size B

Size: C

Size C

This graphic shows the approximate size and form of the Tree you are viewing.

Size B Trees:

8-10' tall. Grown and shipped in our #15 tree container. Stem caliper near 1 1/2". Limbed up near 5' with well defined branching and canopy.

Size C Trees:

10-12’ tall. Fully developed branching. Landscape ready sold in our #25 tree container with a stem caliper over 2”.

Customer Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Black Gum Tree
Black Gum Leaf
Black Gum Additional Product Shot 508
Black Gum Additional Product Shot 682
Black Gum Additional Product Shot 898