American Hornbeam Tree
American Hornbeam Leaf
American Hornbeam Additional Product Shot 769
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American Hornbeam Tree
American Hornbeam Leaf
American Hornbeam Additional Product Shot 769

Growth Facts

  • Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Spacing: 20-25'
  • Exposure: Sun or Shade
  • Show more ›
American Hornbeam
Carpinus caroliniana
$295.00
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How large is this tree? View the Size Guide.

They don't call it "Musclewood" for nothing! American Hornbeam, a.k.a. "Musclewood," has smooth-barked limbs as taut and rippled as an elite athlete's, and you'll find yourself wanting to touch them! This small to medium sized ornamental tree lends a sense of quiet strength to the landscape and will bring to your garden the much-needed "structure" that landscape designers talk so much about. With its powerful form, natural elegance, compact size, and ravishing fall color, it might even be compared to a Japanese Maple. Unlike Japanese Maple, though, this Hornbeam is a native tree of much greater value to local wildlife. The beautiful tiger swallowtail butterfly is one such creature that benefits from its presence.

Growth Facts

  • Hardiness Zone: 3-9
  • Spacing: 20-25'
  • Exposure: Sun or Shade
  • Show more ›
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The Story

Perhaps you know American Hornbeam by one of its other names:  Blue Beech, Water Beech, Ironwood, or Musclewood.  Quite likely you have seen it on a hike through the woods—once encountered, it is seldom forgotten.  Its trunk, like rippling muscles under a thin skin of bark, begs to be touched, and its fiery fall color rivals that of some maples.  American Hornbeam is found in wild spaces all over the Eastern U.S and even into Canada and Mexico, but nowhere is it common in landscapes.  That needs to change!

The Details

The good ol' American Hornbeam, this native hardwood is not subject to cracking or splitting and was used by American pioneers for bowls and dishes. There's your history lesson for the day! Green foliage transforms into shades of yellow, orange, and red in fall - a bright contrast to the smooth gray bark. Grows best in partial shade but will also grow in full sun.

How to Grow

This Country Mouse is sensitive to some of the grittier elements of city life—salt, pollution, baking sun—but with a little thought to its siting and aftercare, it is a remarkably trouble-free tree.  Surely it is adaptable if it has established itself from Canada to Mexico!  If your lot affords no shade, American Hornbeam is still an option if you can supply plenty of water; in fact, even occasional flooding is OK for this species.  Fall color and the bronzy new foliage in spring will be brighter in sun.

More Info

Cold Tolerance/Hardiness Zone 3
Heat Tolerance/Hardiness Zone 9
Exposure Sun or Shade
Avg Mature Height 25'
Avg Mature Width 25'
Spacing 20-25'
Growth Rate Slow
Leaf Color Green
Fall Leaf Color Red/Orange/Yellow
Cary Award Winner No
PA Gold Medal Award No
Attractive Bark Yes
Attracts Birds Yes
Attracts Butterflies No
Attracts Hummingbirds No
Attracts Pollinators No
Deer Resistant No
Drought Tolerant Yes
Dry, Poor Soils No
Edible Fruit No
Fragrant No
Groundcover No
Hedge/Windbreak Yes
Native Yes
Salt Tolerance/Seashore No
Seasonal Cut Branches No
Shade Tolerance Yes
Showy Flowers No
Specimen Yes
Urban Conditions Yes
Utility Line Trees No
Wet Moist Soils Yes
Winter Interest Yes
Woodland Garden Yes
Decor/Craft Use No

Size Guide

Size Guide Scale

Scale

Size: B

Size B

This graphic shows the approximate size and form of the Tree you are viewing.

Size B Trees:

8-10' tall with full branching and developed structure. Grown in our #10 or #15 tree container.

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American Hornbeam Tree
American Hornbeam Leaf
American Hornbeam Additional Product Shot 769