Growth Facts

  • Hardiness Zone: 3-8
  • Exposure: Full Sun
  • Bloom Time: Late Spring to Early Summer
  • Deer Resistant: Yes
  • Show more ›

Felix Crousse Peony

Paeonia lactiflora 'Felix Crousse'
Extravagant, near-red blossoms that have enchanted homeowners for generations.

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You can’t go wrong with a classic. Felix Crousse Peony has been spreading joy for generations. Your grandparents, their parents, and many before them have delighted in its fabulous flowers. This spectacular Spirit unleashes a plethora of huge raspberry-red blooms each June. The big double blossoms, stuffed with silky petals, not only look opulent, but smell divine. Long-lived and low-maintenance, Felix Crousse is a survivor at old homesteads even after its owners have moved on. Dependability never goes out of style, however, and today’s homeowners will also appreciate a Spirit that gives so much and asks for so little.

Growth Facts

  • Hardiness Zone: 3-8
  • Exposure: Full Sun
  • Bloom Time: Late Spring to Early Summer
  • Deer Resistant: Yes
  • Show more ›

The Story

Peonies originated in northern Asia, growing in what are modern-day China, Korea, Japan, and Siberia. In China, they have been grown in gardens for 2500 years. In the West, they’ve been cultivated since the late 1700s. Selections both old and new continue to decorate our gardens and win a place in our hearts. Felix Crousse is an heirloom variety that was introduced in 1881. It was discovered by French-born plantsman, François Félix Crousse. Other near-red types have arisen in more recent times, but this one remains a favorite in Europe, the U.S., and anywhere Peonies can be grown.

The Details

People are often concerned when they see ants crawling on their Peony buds. This is no cause for alarm—they are only seeking out the little drops of nectar that appear when the blossoms form. Of course, you’ll want to shake off any ants before you cut your Felix Crousse Peonies for a bouquet for the house!

How to Grow

You’ll want to prepare the ground well for your Felix Crousse Peony, because it will be in place a long time. Peonies are long-lived and don’t like to be transplanted. Choose a site that’s sunny and open, with soil that’s rich, deep, and well-drained. Take care not to plant too deeply. If the crown is more than an inch or two below the soil line, flowering may be inhibited. Peonies relish cold climates and, in fact, need a certain amount of low winter temperatures in order to bloom well. In hot, humid climates, they are also more susceptible to diseases.

More Info

Cold Tolerance/Hardiness Zone 3
Heat Tolerance/Hardiness Zone 8
Exposure Full Sun
Avg Mature Height 36"
Avg Mature Width 24"
Growth Rate Fast
Flower Color Crimson
Foliage Color Green
Bloom Time Late Spring to Early Summer
Cary Award Winner No
PA Gold Medal Award No
Attractive Bark No
Attracts Birds No
Attracts Butterflies Yes
Attracts Hummingbirds No
Attracts Pollinators No
Deer Resistant Yes
Drought Tolerant Yes
Dry, Poor Soils No
Edible Fruit No
Fragrant Yes
Groundcover No
Hedge/Windbreak No
Native No
Salt Tolerance/Seashore No
Seasonal Cut Branches No
Shade Tolerance No
Showy Flowers Yes
Specimen Yes
Urban Conditions Yes
Utility Line Trees No
Wet Moist Soils No
Winter Interest No
Woodland Garden Yes
Decor/Craft Use Yes

Size Guide

Size Guide Scale


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