Audubon® Canadian Hemlock
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Evergreens are essential to bird-friendly landscapes, and Canadian Hemlock is one of the finest evergreens you can choose for your own backyard bird habitat. This marvelous native tree provides much-needed sanctuary for birds who want to get out of the rain and the wind. Some birds may even opt to nest in the safety of its sheltering limbs and raise their young there. What’s more, Hemlock cones provide nutritious seeds to birds in fall and winter. Finches, grosbeaks, juncos, chickadees, and pine siskins are among those that relish them. Create a space where birds will want to linger with this tree as a key component.
May Benefit & Attract: Finches, grosbeaks, juncos, chickadees, and pine siskins
Take Birds Under Your Wing
New! Introducing our bird-friendly collection of Audubon® Native Plants & Trees
- Better for Birds, 100% Neonic-Free
- Not Available in non-native regions, states or counties (see Native Regions map)
Bower & Branch is proud to grow Audubon® Native Plants for Birds in partnership with the National Audubon Society to help birds and other wildlife thrive.
- The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow
- This bird-friendly native plant provides food and shelter for local and migrating birds and other wildlife
- Your purchase and planting of this native flora directly supports Audubon’s conservation mission and impact
- Learn how you can help birds in your home and community through Audubon’s Plants for Birds program
- Audubon Native Plants & Trees are free of neonicotinoids and exclusively grown by Bower & Branch
Audubon® is a licensed and registered trademark of the National Audubon Society. All rights reserved.
- Hardiness Zone: 3-7
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No, this isn’t the plant that killed Socrates, though it was named after the plant that did (they have a similar fragrance). Botanically, Hemlocks have been tossed around from the Pines to Firs to Spruces. In 1847, they were given a label of their own—Tsuga, the Japanese word for the Asian Hemlocks, which means “Tree Mother.” Our native Canadian Hemlock is a noble tree that grows slowly to great heights in the wild. It is considered a “climax species,” because once it matures, no other forest tree can overtake it.
Canadian Hemlocks are rather handy evergreens. You can plant one as a specimen or you can plant them in a row to create an evergreen hedge - even shear them! The soft, dense green foliage creates a ʺwelcome homeʺ vibe for little creatures while the tiny brown cones spawn ideas for imaginative crafters. This graceful evergreen does get pretty big so be sure to give it plenty of space to grow.
How to Grow
Hemlocks are great evergreens in that they grow well in full sun or full shade. Hemlocks require moist soil conditions and good drainage; they will not tolerate consistently wet or consistently dry soils. Young Hemlocks do not do well in windy locations, so a slightly protected planting area is best. In late fall or early spring, supply your Hemlock with a yearly feeding of a medium rate fertilizer. This gives your tree a little “juice” heading into the following spring. Annual shearing, if desired, can produce a fuller Canadian Hemlock and also helps control height. One pest you may or may not come in contact with is the Hemlock Wooly Adelgid. Specks of white “cotton” along the branches identify this little pest. Those little specks are Wooly Adelgids. Consult with your local Garden Center professional to find out what action to take to eliminate the problem. Hemlock Wooly Adelgids are more common on Hemlocks that are growing in their native habitat. This little creature is not as common in the landscape and can be controlled.
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